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Violence, Ritual, and the Wari EmpireA Social Bioarchaeology of Imperialism in the Ancient Andes$
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Tiffiny A. Tung

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813037677

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813037677.001.0001

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Violence and Skeletal Trauma among Wari Communities

Violence and Skeletal Trauma among Wari Communities

(p.99) 5 Violence and Skeletal Trauma among Wari Communities
Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire

Tiffiny A. Tung

University Press of Florida

This chapter presents data on violence-related trauma to examine whether militarism and violence were central components of Wari imperial expansion and rule, and whether imperial authority established a Pax Wari. The author compares the heartland and hinterland communities to explore how Wari rule differentially affected rates and kinds of violence in each group. While frequencies of cranial trauma (proxy for violence) are generally similar among the three populations, the ratio of ante- and peri-mortem trauma differs at each site, as does the locational distribution of head wounds. The author thus suggests that the social context in which violence emerged was distinct at each site, and describes what those different contexts and violent acts may have been. Post-cranial trauma data is also presented to evaluate differences in physical activity and occupational practices among the three populations.

Keywords:   militarism, warfare, raiding, ritual battles, conflict resolution, cranial trauma, warriors

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