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Early New World Monumentality$
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Richard Burger and Robert Rosenswig

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813038087

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813038087.001.0001

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Why Do People Build Monuments? Late Archaic Platform Mounds in the Norte Chico

Why Do People Build Monuments? Late Archaic Platform Mounds in the Norte Chico

Chapter:
(p.289) 11 Why Do People Build Monuments? Late Archaic Platform Mounds in the Norte Chico
Source:
Early New World Monumentality
Author(s):

Jonathan Haas

Winifred Creamer

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813038087.003.0011

The Norte Chico region witnessed an early florescence of mound construction at more than 30 Late Archaic (3000 to 1800 B.C.) sites in an area of only 1800 sq km. Each of these sites has from 1 to 7 mounds ranging from 3000 to 100,000 cu m in volume. In looking at the emergence of this complex cultural system, a critical question is how and why these mounds were constructed over many generations. This chapter will examine evidence for the scale of labor involved in mound construction and for (or against) centralized organization of labor.

Keywords:   Late Archaic, monuments, monumentality, power, Peruvian archaeology, Andean Civilization, Norte Chico, Labor organization, Origins of civilization

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