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Early New World Monumentality$
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Richard Burger and Robert Rosenswig

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813038087

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813038087.001.0001

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Agriculture and Monumentality in the Soconusco Region of Chiapas, Mexico

Agriculture and Monumentality in the Soconusco Region of Chiapas, Mexico

Chapter:
(p.111) 5 Agriculture and Monumentality in the Soconusco Region of Chiapas, Mexico
Source:
Early New World Monumentality
Author(s):

Robert M. Rosenswig

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813038087.003.0005

Using the site of Cuauhtémoc in the Soconusco as a starting point, I examine the earliest monumental architecture in Mesoamerica. In 1600 bce, Cuauhtémoc began an 800-year occupation as a local center; yet it was only during the Conchas phase (900–800 bce) that a 5 m high mound was built at the site. The Conchas phase was also when the regional center of La Blanca was founded and a 25 m mound erected. While ambitious leaders had been competing with each other for centuries, the Conchas phase provides evidence of a new level of social stratification in the Soconusco.

Keywords:   Preclassic period archaeology, Formative period archaeology, Mesoamerica, Soconusco, Olmec, early architecture, social complexity, origins of agriculture, monumentality

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