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Quakers Living in the Lion's MouthThe Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865$
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A. Glenn Crothers

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813039732

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813039732.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 11 December 2019

Friends Come to Northern Virginia

Friends Come to Northern Virginia

Chapter:
(p.8) 1 Friends Come to Northern Virginia
Source:
Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth
Author(s):

A. Glenn Crothers

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0002

This chapter explains why Pennsylvania Friends' settled in northern Virginia after 1730: to obtain cheap land that they believed necessary to maintain their religious households and ensure the spiritual safety of their children. Friends in Virginia established their hierarchical system of religious meetings and began enforcing the behavioral rules (the “discipline”) and cultural practices that grew out of their spiritual beliefs. Virginia authorities welcomed these frontier settlers as a defense against Native Americans; but as dissenters from the established Anglican Church and the honor-based culture of Virginia, Friends remained a suspect group. These suspicions grew during the French and Indian War when Quakers refused to serve in the militia and Virginia authorities arrested and fined individual Friends for non-service. Quakers' war experience sparked their efforts to reform the Society and tighten its discipline-including injunctions against slavery-leading to the disownment (or removal) of many members.

Keywords:   Quakers, Society of Friends, Colonial Virginia, Migration, French and Indian War, Non-violence, Religious dissenters, Quaker reformation

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