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Quakers Living in the Lion's MouthThe Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865$
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A. Glenn Crothers

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813039732

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813039732.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Embracing “the Oppressor as Well as the Oppressed”

Embracing “the Oppressor as Well as the Oppressed”

Quaker Antislavery before 1830

(p.106) 4 Embracing “the Oppressor as Well as the Oppressed”
Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth

A. Glenn Crothers

University Press of Florida

Chapter 4 explores northern Virginia Friends' antislavery efforts before 1830 and the reasons they adopted deferential and gradualist tactics, including colonization. Friends condemned slavery because they believed all people possessed an “inward light,” but this same belief led them to embrace moral suasion to appeal to slaveholders' conscience. Friends' growing attachment to the region also encouraged them to embrace a deferential approach and avoid alienating their white neighbors. Influenced by Revolutionary ideology and worried about Virginia's declining economy after 1815, some slaveholders supported Friends' antislavery efforts. However, Gabriel's Rebellion in 1801 and Nat Turner's revolt in 1831 revealed the limits of white Virginians' commitment to ending slavery and their willingness to impose legal and political constraints on Quaker activism.

Keywords:   Quakers, Society of Friends, Early National Virginia, Antislavery, Gradualism, Colonization, Education, Gabriel's Rebellion, Nat Turner

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