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Quakers Living in the Lion's MouthThe Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865$
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A. Glenn Crothers

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813039732

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813039732.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 18 January 2021

“The Union Forever”

“The Union Forever”

Northern Virginia Quakers in the Civil War

(p.237) 8 “The Union Forever”
Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth

A. Glenn Crothers

University Press of Florida

Chapter 8 examines the experience of northern Virginia's Friends during the Civil War. Friends faced arrest, conscription, and imprisonment from hostile Confederate forces and confiscation of their property by both Union and Confederate armies, particularly after the region descended into guerrilla war. However, the biggest casualty of the war was Friends' peace testimony, which called on Quakers to be neutral in thought and deed. Only a small number of the region's Friends entered the military, but few Friends remained neutral. Seeing the Union as the source of their religious liberty and committed to ending slavery, nearly all the region's Friends embraced the northern cause, with Quaker women taking a leading role. The war transformed Friends' adherence to and interpretation of the peace testimony and their disciplinary standards, giving rise to a more permissive and individualist Quakerism.

Keywords:   Quakers, Society of Friends, Civil War in Virginia, Antislavery, Non-violence, Guerrilla war, Civilians in war, Gender

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