This chapter explores the social history of Philadelphia's religious landscape, where as late as the 1800s Africans were observed singing “in their own tongue.” This chapter also examines the rise of independent churches in antebellum Philadelphia, addressing the notion of “uplift” that undergirds their outreach to the growing number of Blacks arriving from the South. Relatedly, “City Tales” documents White riots that accompanied the growing ranks of Black Philadelphians, and, in a section on interethnic encounters, the interaction between Blacks and Jews is examined. Addressed here in relation to the social environment for Black Philadelphians are real estate practices, “White Flight,” and hiring practices that allocated most Black men to unskilled jobs and many Black women to domestic “day work.” Also investigated is the rise of what Arthur Huff Fauset calls “Black Cults,” as well as female-led Sanctified congregations, including Bishop Ida Bell Robinson's Mount Sinai, which provided a “hospice” where female members could rest and rejuvenate; Bishop Mary Magdalene Tate's Church of the Living God Pillar and Ground of Truth Without Controversy; and, Mother Dabney's Garden of Prayer.
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