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Hard Labor and Hard TimeFlorida's "Sunshine Prison" and Chain Gangs$
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Vivien M. L. Miller

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813039855

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813039855.001.0001

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Continuity and Change at Raiford

Continuity and Change at Raiford

(p.188) 7 Continuity and Change at Raiford
Hard Labor and Hard Time
Vivien M. L. Miller
University Press of Florida

Chapters 7, 8, and 9 focus largely on the experiences of Grade 2 inmates at Raiford prison farm during the 1930s and 1940s. This chapter examines official efforts to prolong commercial farming as an integral part of the state prison system and evaluates the states-use system during the Depression and war years. The links between state and national anxieties over rising numbers of young white male offenders in the Depression years and the implementation of new classification procedures for white male first offenders are examined. These changes underscore that penal reform in Florida was designed first and foremost for white male inmates and consequently perpetuated the secondary and discriminatory treatment of black male and many female prisoners.

Keywords:   Jim Crow prison treatment, Belle Glade prison farm, states-use, Prison Industries Reorganization Administration, NAACP, first-offenders' camp, Flat Top maximum-security segregation building, Florida Parole and Probation Commission, wartime prison labor

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