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Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis$
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John Early

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813040134

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813040134.001.0001

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Crisis and Reaction in Latin America: The Liberation Movement

Crisis and Reaction in Latin America: The Liberation Movement

(p.133) 10 Crisis and Reaction in Latin America: The Liberation Movement
Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis

John D. Early

University Press of Florida

This chapter examines the Latin American liberation movement as an implementation of Vatican Council II. It discusses the movement's origin as a result of the poverty and social disorder in many Latin American countries resulting from the colonial legacy. An examination of these conditions by Catholic middle-class university students and theologians working among the poor gave rise to the theological formulations of the movement that emphasized social justice. It was based on biblical theology and an option for the poor. The chapter discusses opposition to the movement within Catholicism, its assessment by the Medellín, Puebla, and Santo Domingo conferences of Latin American bishops and the Vatican reaction.

Keywords:   colonial legacy, liberation movement, poverty, social disorder, option for the poor, social justice, bishops' conferences

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