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Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis$
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John Early

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813040134

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813040134.001.0001

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Guatemala: The Maya in the Military's Worldview of Counterinsurgency

Guatemala: The Maya in the Military's Worldview of Counterinsurgency

Chapter:
(p.249) 18 Guatemala: The Maya in the Military's Worldview of Counterinsurgency
Source:
Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis
Author(s):

John D. Early

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813040134.003.0018

Guerrilla warfare in the Maya area began in the late 1970s, reached a climax in 1980–82, and continued with low intensity until 1996 when peace accords were signed. Catholic groups were a special target of the counterinsurgency. As a result of the army's two phases of counterinsurgency, the 100% solution and the ashes campaign, there were an estimated 190,000 deaths, of whom 90 percent were Maya. Various government forces were responsible for 93% of the deaths, the guerrillas for 3%, and unknown for 4%. Of the government forces, the army alone inflicted 85% of the deaths. Many deaths at the hands of the army were preceded by torture and rape.

Keywords:   counterinsurgency, 100% solution, ashes strategy, number of deaths

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