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Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis$
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John Early

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813040134

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813040134.001.0001

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Guatemala: The Maya in the Military's Worldview of Counterinsurgency

Guatemala: The Maya in the Military's Worldview of Counterinsurgency

(p.249) 18 Guatemala: The Maya in the Military's Worldview of Counterinsurgency
Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis

John D. Early

University Press of Florida

Guerrilla warfare in the Maya area began in the late 1970s, reached a climax in 1980–82, and continued with low intensity until 1996 when peace accords were signed. Catholic groups were a special target of the counterinsurgency. As a result of the army's two phases of counterinsurgency, the 100% solution and the ashes campaign, there were an estimated 190,000 deaths, of whom 90 percent were Maya. Various government forces were responsible for 93% of the deaths, the guerrillas for 3%, and unknown for 4%. Of the government forces, the army alone inflicted 85% of the deaths. Many deaths at the hands of the army were preceded by torture and rape.

Keywords:   counterinsurgency, 100% solution, ashes strategy, number of deaths

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