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Late Prehistoric FloridaArchaeology at the Edge of the Mississippian World$
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Keith Ashley and Nancy Marie White

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813040141

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813040141.001.0001

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Fort Walton Culture in the Apalachicola Valley, Northwest Florida

Fort Walton Culture in the Apalachicola Valley, Northwest Florida

(p.231) 10 Fort Walton Culture in the Apalachicola Valley, Northwest Florida
Late Prehistoric Florida

Misha Klein

University Press of Florida

This chapter presents Fort Walton in the Apalachicola-lower Chattahoochee Valley. The authors describe mounds, evidence for maize farming (but continuing foraging lifeways on the coast), and Fort Walton emergence from local Woodland foundations. New investigations at the Yon, Pierce, and Curlee sites provide details of ceramic chronology. The distinctive six-pointed open bowl, near-absence of shell temper, and unusual lack of chipped stone in Apalachicola Fort Walton may all mean maintenance of a specific identity within the greater Mississippian world. A few protohistoric dates suggest that Fort Walton peoples of unknown ethnicity retained their culture as something else moved in. No Spanish were in the region until the late Mission period, but their germs and a very few of their artifacts did arrive. Rapid depopulation in the sixteenth century apparently left much of the valley empty until ca. 1700 with the arrival of Proto-Creeks from the north.

Keywords:   Apalachicola, Fort Walton culture, shell-tempered pottery, Yon site, Curlee site, Pierce site

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