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The Bioarchaeology of Violence$
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Debra L. Martin and Ryan P. Harrod

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813041506

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813041506.001.0001

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Violence against Women: Differential Treatment of Local and Foreign Females in the Heartland of the Wari Empire, Peru

Violence against Women: Differential Treatment of Local and Foreign Females in the Heartland of the Wari Empire, Peru

Chapter:
(p.180) 9 Violence against Women: Differential Treatment of Local and Foreign Females in the Heartland of the Wari Empire, Peru
Source:
The Bioarchaeology of Violence
Author(s):

Tiffiny A. Tung

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813041506.003.0010

Previous studies of iconographic and skeletal evidence suggest that a Wari (AD 600-1000) military class in the Peruvian Andes engaged in the capture of prisoners from both local and foreign locales. Captives include men and children, suggesting that battlefields alone were not the source of captives, for children are rarely encountered in warfare battles. Rather, village raids were the likely context in which all age groups would have been encountered. Women also may have been taken in these raids and transported back to the Wari heartland site of Conchopata. While osteological data indicate that male and child captives were transformed into trophy heads and deposited in ritual structures, it remains unclear what happened to women. Tiffiny A. Tung explores the frequency and patterning of violence-related trauma among the Conchopata population, and how it differed by gender and locals versus foreigners.

Keywords:   Captives, Trophy heads, Gender, Children, Identity, Female-related violence

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