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Veterans' Policies, Veterans' PoliticsNew Perspectives on Veterans in the Modern United States$
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Stephen R. Ortiz

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813042077

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813042077.001.0001

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“An Emblem of Distinction”

“An Emblem of Distinction”

The Politics of Disability Entitlement, 1940–1950

(p.94) 4 “An Emblem of Distinction”
Veterans' Policies, Veterans' Politics

Audra Jennings

University Press of Florida

This chapter examines how veterans pushed to expand and police the boundaries of welfare state programs that targeted veterans and specifically focuses on the battles fought over national amputation and prosthetic programs during and immediately after World War II. Veterans and their organizations worked to maintain their separate and special status as deserving welfare recipients and rejected attempts to create universal disability policies. In the realm of amputation and prosthetic policy, veterans and veterans’ organizations condemned the poor policies, planning, and prosthetics that formed the core of the U.S. amputation and prosthetic programs. They demanded specialized care and research programs administered through the Veterans Administration and the military. Because of their service and sacrifices, veterans argued, the U.S. government owed them first and free access to the best prosthetic devices science could develop.

Keywords:   World War II veterans, veteran amputees, prosthetics, prosthetic research, rehabilitation, Veterans Administration, U.S. Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, U.S. Army Medical Corp

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