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The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Small Scale Economies$
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Victor D. Thompson and James C. Waggoner Jr.

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813042428

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813042428.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 19 October 2019

Observations about the Historical Ecology of Small-Scale Societies

Observations about the Historical Ecology of Small-Scale Societies

Chapter:
(p.176) 10 Observations about the Historical Ecology of Small-Scale Societies
Source:
The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Small Scale Economies
Author(s):

Tristram R. Kidder

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813042428.003.0010

This chapter explores the concept embedded in historical ecology that humans are part of what we often define as nature and not apart from it. Four observations are considered: first, small-scale societies transform their world; second, these transformations have been ongoing since the dawn of humanity; third, micro-analyses are required to reconstruct histories of local events; and fourth, historical environmental changes are the product of both intentional and unintentional activities. The histories of the Late Archaic Jaketown and Poverty Point sites are used as examples. Finally, the policy implications of these conclusions are considered. Our hunter-gatherer ancestors may not have had the tools that allowed them to see the effects of their actions on the physical world, but modern society cannot claim such ignorance.

Keywords:   Poverty Point, Late Archaic, Hunter-gatherer, Historical ecology

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