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The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Small Scale Economies$
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Victor D. Thompson and James C. Waggoner Jr.

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813042428

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813042428.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 15 October 2019

Human Impacts on Oyster Resources at the Mesolithic–Neolithic Transition in Denmark

Human Impacts on Oyster Resources at the Mesolithic–Neolithic Transition in Denmark

Chapter:
(p.16) (p.17) 2 Human Impacts on Oyster Resources at the Mesolithic–Neolithic Transition in Denmark
Source:
The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Small Scale Economies
Author(s):

Nicky Milner

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813042428.003.0002

Research into shellfish consumption on Danish shell midden sites demonstrates a clear species change around the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition, a time when people began to adopt farming practices for the first time. In addition, there is a very visible decline in the size of oyster shells through time. This paper examines the evidence from three Danish shell midden sites in order to investigate changing shellfish composition and sizes in relation to environmental and gathering strategies. The results show that the situation is far from simple and complex relationships between human exploitation practices and changing environments need to be explored. These results are then discussed in relation to current threats to oyster populations from recent research in British waters.

Keywords:   oyster, Denmark, shell midden, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Exploitation, hunter-gatherers, seasonality

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