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The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Small Scale Economies$
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Victor D. Thompson and James C. Waggoner Jr.

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813042428

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813042428.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 19 October 2019

A Historical Ecological Perspective on Early Agriculture in the North American Southwest and Northwest Mexico

A Historical Ecological Perspective on Early Agriculture in the North American Southwest and Northwest Mexico

Chapter:
(p.96) 6 A Historical Ecological Perspective on Early Agriculture in the North American Southwest and Northwest Mexico
Source:
The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Small Scale Economies
Author(s):

Patricia A. Gilman

Elizabeth M. Toney

Nicholas H. Beale

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813042428.003.0006

One focus of recent research on early agriculture (Late Archaic period—2000 B.C.–A.D. 150) in the southern Southwest of the United States and northwestern Mexico has been the debate surrounding the impact of these early farmers on their landscapes. In at least two places, the Tucson Basin in southern Arizona and northern Chihuahua in northwest Mexico, agriculture was relatively intensive, while in others such as the San Simon Basin in southeastern Arizona, it apparently was not. Using an historical ecology perspective, we examine the likely impact of early agriculture using faunal and projectile point data from the Tucson Basin, northern Chihuahua, and the San Simon Basin. Our analysis suggests that these early farmers had less impact on their landscapes than expected.

Keywords:   Early agriculture, Tucson Basin, Northern Chihuahua, San Simon Basin, Early farmers, Late Archaic period, North American Southwest, Faunal data, Projectile point data, Historical ecology

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