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Negotiated SettlementsAndean Communities and Landscapes under Inka and Spanish Colonialism$
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Steven A. Wernke

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813042497

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813042497.001.0001

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The Ayllu Interface

The Ayllu Interface

(p.251) 7 The Ayllu Interface
Negotiated Settlements

Steven A. Wernke

University Press of Florida

This chapter presents a local view of ayllu- and moiety-level land-use patterns through time, by first presenting a detailed, GIS-based reconstruction of early colonial era land-tenure patterns. These reconstructed land-tenure patterns are then used to retrodict the prehispanic residence patterns of particular ayllus under Inka rule. Focusing on the reducción of Coporaque and its surrounding landscapes, this analysis shows specifically how it was that Inka administration at once grafted onto the dualistic structures of local land use and community organization and attempted to overwrite them by introducing and distributing the fields and residences of state-ordered ayllus across the autochthonous dualistic divide. It also puts the emplacement of the reducción of Coporaque in a new light by showing how the town was built atop an ancient, pre-Inkaic boundary that separated the lands of dualistically organized ayllus. Thus, Coporaque can be seen as quite literally a “negotiated settlement” whose emplacement balanced the interests of its dualistic communities. Last, the chapter considers the long-term legacy of reducción resettlement in the patterning of canal and agricultural terrace abandonment, showing how specific community structures mediated decision-making about terrace and irrigation abandonment in the face of labor shortages due to colonial-era demographic collapse.

Keywords:   Landscape, Land use, Land tenure, Irrigation, GIS, Spatial analysis, Colonialism

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