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Cuban Economists on the Cuban Economy$
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Al Campbell

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044231

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044231.001.0001

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The Cuban Population

The Cuban Population

Major Characteristics with a Special Focus on the Aging Population

Chapter:
(p.189) 7 The Cuban Population
Source:
Cuban Economists on the Cuban Economy
Author(s):

Juan Carlos Alfonso Fraga

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044231.003.0007

A strong indicator of the significant success of Cuba’s socioeconomic policies over the last fifty years is its first world demographic profile resting on its third world per-capita GDP. Juan Carlos Alfonso discusses in detail the major prospective economic problems that this “aging population”—a result of lengthening life-spans and a falling fertility rate—portends for Cuba in the coming decades. Of these problems, two rank foremost. First, there will be a continually decreasing number of working people supporting an increasing number of dependent people. Second, there will be numerous different costs associated with meeting Cuba’s commitment to provide for the well-being of elderly people in accordance with their increased needs. The first cost that comes to mind is increased medical care, but there are many other expenses if these people are to be supported in maintaining a dignified life. The aging population is a much greater economic problem for Cuba than for first world countries because of its lower per-capita GDP and labor productivity. It is a much greater problem for Cuba than for typical third world capitalist countries because of Cuba’s ideological commitment to insuring state-supported well-being for anyone with inadequate personal means or family support.

Keywords:   Juan Carlos Alfonso, Cuba, Cuban, demographics, aging population, fertility rate, medical care, socioeconomic policies, well-being

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