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Bioarchaeology of East AsiaMovement, Contact, Health$
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Kate Pechenkina and Marc Oxenham

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044279

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044279.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 10 July 2020

Stresses of Life

Stresses of Life

A Preliminary Study of Degenerative Joint Disease and Dental Health among Ancient Populations of Inner Asia

Chapter:
(p.246) 10 Stresses of Life
Source:
Bioarchaeology of East Asia
Author(s):

Michelle L. Machicek

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044279.003.0010

We investigated degenerative joint disease (DJD) in Iron Age Mongolian and Inner Mongolian (ca. 3rd century BC to 2nd century AD) samples, as well as oral and physiological health in a later Mongol Period (13th century AD) sample. Results indicate higher levels of DJD in the Inner Mongolian sample, which may be best explained in terms of social status and associated workloads: the Mongolian sample has a higher proportion of elites in comparison to the Inner Mongolian sample. In terms of oral health, it was found that caries was absent in the Mongol Period, although reasonably high rates of antemortem tooth loss and abscessing occurred while calculus was very common. In terms of stress, linear enamel hypoplasia affected a third of the sample, and one case of congenital syphilis was noted.

Keywords:   degenerative joint disease, social status, oral health

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