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Bioarchaeology of East AsiaMovement, Contact, Health$
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Kate Pechenkina and Marc Oxenham

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044279

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044279.001.0001

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Dental Wear and Oral Health as Indicators of Diet among the Early Qin People

Dental Wear and Oral Health as Indicators of Diet among the Early Qin People

A Case Study from the Xishan Site, Gansu Province

Chapter:
(p.265) 11 Dental Wear and Oral Health as Indicators of Diet among the Early Qin People
Source:
Bioarchaeology of East Asia
Author(s):

Wei Miao

Wang Tao

Zhao Congcang

Liu Wu

Wang Changsui

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044279.003.0011

The Qin people played a significant role in the rise and unification of Imperial China. Bioarchaeological investigation of oral health and wear on dental material from the Bronze Age Qin site of Xishan in Lixian County was used to reconstruct socioeconomic behavior and elucidate the origin and development of Qin culture. Overall, the pattern of dental pathology, including dental wear, caries, antemortem tooth loss (AMTL), and maxillary exostoses and mandibular tori, suggests that animal protein was a significant component of the diet of the Xishan people. However, high frequencies of AMTL and caries suggest that the Xishan people also relied substantially on agriculturally derived plant products. This interpretation is consistent with previous studies on bone chemistry, paleoenvironment, and historical accounts.

Keywords:   China, Bronze Age, socioeconomy, oral health, dental wear

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