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Bioarchaeology of East AsiaMovement, Contact, Health$
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Kate Pechenkina and Marc Oxenham

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044279

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044279.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 03 June 2020

Life on the Frontier

Life on the Frontier

The Paleopathology of Human Remains from the Chinese Early Imperial Taojiazhai Mortuary site

Chapter:
(p.323) 13 Life on the Frontier
Source:
Bioarchaeology of East Asia
Author(s):

Zhang Jinglei

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044279.003.0013

The Qinghai Province, on the frontier between the Loess Plateau and the Qunhai-Tibet Plain, was constituted as a buffer zone between steppe nomads and the farming populations of early Imperial China by the Han dynasty (206 BC-AD 220). The skeletal pathology of Han and Jin dynasty human remains in the Taojiazhai cemetery was used to understand violent conflict, subsistence behavior, and epidemiology in this region. While only evident on the remains of a small number of individuals, traumatic fractures are best explained as resulting from face-to-face interpersonal violence. Postcranial injuries may have resulted from violent encounters as well as accidents and the stresses associated with daily life. Evidence for systemic infection is scant. The prevalence of tooth caries and antemortem tooth loss suggest a carbohydrate-rich diet and a mixed economy featuring both cereal agriculture and animal husbandry.

Keywords:   Imperial China, violence, traumatic injury, treponematosis, socioeconomy, skeletal pathology

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