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Bioarchaeology of East AsiaMovement, Contact, Health$
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Kate Pechenkina and Marc Oxenham

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044279

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044279.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Mongolian Origins and Cranio-Morphometric Variability

Mongolian Origins and Cranio-Morphometric Variability

Neolithic to Mongolian Period

(p.85) 4 Mongolian Origins and Cranio-Morphometric Variability
Bioarchaeology of East Asia

Tumen Dashtseveg

University Press of Florida

Cranio-morphological variability, using Penrose Shape Distances and subsequent cluster analysis, was examined in order to explore questions concerning the origins and genetic relationships of ancient Neolithic through Mongolian Period populations in Mongolia and surrounding regions. Marked morphological-and by implication genetic-diversity was evident in the Neolithic through Bronze Age periods. Western Mongolia was characterized by samples with Caucasoid and/or mixed morphologies, while peoples with developed Mongoloid features populated Central and Eastern Mongolia. Subsequently, considerable levels of migration during the later Bronze and early Iron Ages had a particularly marked effect on the genetic makeup of Western Mongolian human populations, which became much more Mongoloid in cranio-morphological terms. High levels of mobility continued to characterize the region, with Xiongnu period populations, for instance, showing high levels of morphological heterogeneity.

Keywords:   craniometry, Penrose Shape Distances, population mobility, Bronze and Iron Ages

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