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Bioarchaeology of East AsiaMovement, Contact, Health$
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Kate Pechenkina and Marc Oxenham

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044279

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044279.001.0001

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A Nonmetric Comparative Study of Past and Contemporary Mongolian and Northeast Asian Crania

A Nonmetric Comparative Study of Past and Contemporary Mongolian and Northeast Asian Crania

Chapter:
(p.110) 5 A Nonmetric Comparative Study of Past and Contemporary Mongolian and Northeast Asian Crania
Source:
Bioarchaeology of East Asia
Author(s):

Erdene Myagmar

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044279.003.0005

The distribution of cranial non-metric variation in skeletal samples encompassing both ancient and modern Mongolian populations was compared with the variation in a range of other northern and eastern Asian collections. The chief aim of this analysis was to investigate the origins, nature, and degree of population mobility and interaction among and between Mongolian and adjoining populations in the past. Neolithic Mongolians were found to share similarities with Central Asians, while temporally later Mongolian populations formed a genetically homogenous grouping. Furthermore, a genetic link between Mongolian Period and Modern Mongolians with the Xiongnu is confirmed by this study. However, somewhat at odds with previously published findings, no evidence of genetic continuity between Bronze Age Central and Eastern Mongolians and the Xiongnu of Central Mongolia was found. Possible reasons for this lack of continuity may include extensive levels of migration during the Bronze Age of Central Asia and elevated levels of genetic heterogeneity among the Xiongnu.

Keywords:   non-metric cranial traits, population mobility, Xiongnu

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