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Bioarchaeology of East AsiaMovement, Contact, Health$
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Kate Pechenkina and Marc Oxenham

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044279

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044279.001.0001

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Biological Connections across the Sea of Japan

Biological Connections across the Sea of Japan

A Multivariate Comparison of Ancient and More Modern Crania from Japan, China, Korea, and southeast Asia

Chapter:
(p.144) 7 Biological Connections across the Sea of Japan
Source:
Bioarchaeology of East Asia
Author(s):

Michael Pietrusewsky

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044279.003.0007

Using multivariate procedures, biological relationships among early and near modern Northeast (NEA) and Southeast Asian (SEA) samples were examined. A number of hypotheses were tested, including: (1) that biocultural discontinuity in Japan ca. 300 BC was due to extensive immigration and gene flow during the late Jomon Period; (2) that the Ainu and Ryuku islanders of Japan are the modern descendents of prehistoric Jomon peoples; and (3) that the predecessors of the Jomon were to be found in SEA. Methods included stepwise discriminant function analysis and Mahalanobis’ generalized distance being applied to 24 measurements taken on 39 prehistoric and near modern cranial series’ from Japan, other parts of NEA, and mainland and insular SEA. Results support the first hypothesis, while refuting hypotheses 2 and 3.

Keywords:   cranial morphometrics, peopling of Japanese archipelago, Jomon, Ainu and Ryuku islanders

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