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The Mapuche in Modern ChileA Cultural History$
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Joanna Crow

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044286

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044286.001.0001

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Histories of Conquest

Histories of Conquest

The Occupation of Araucanía and Its Consequences, 1862–1910

Chapter:
(p.19) 1 Histories of Conquest
Source:
The Mapuche in Modern Chile
Author(s):

Joanna Crow

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044286.003.0002

This chapter explores the multiple histories of the conquest of Araucanía during the second half of the nineteenth century as told by a vast array of primary and secondary sources. It is a story of what has been written about the Liberal state’s invasion of Mapuche territory; it is an analysis of how different people perceived this invasion at the time and how it has been remembered since. The chapter argues that the Mapuche could and did assert agency, in various ways, during and after the occupation campaigns. In the face of state strength, they veered between participation and resistance, developing multiple strategies for survival which usually fitted somewhere in between the two. The detail of the chapter also shows that even a “civilizing” state had some use for the notion of the noble Araucanian and that the very idea of “civilizing” indigenous territory was nuanced by elements of doubt about state violence.

Keywords:   histories, occupation campaigns, Araucanía, Liberal state, violence, civilizing, survival strategies

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