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The Mapuche in Modern ChileA Cultural History$
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Joanna Crow

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044286

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044286.001.0001

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Renewed Struggles for Survival

Renewed Struggles for Survival

National Festivities and Mapuche Political Activism, 1910–1938

Chapter:
(p.51) 2 Renewed Struggles for Survival
Source:
The Mapuche in Modern Chile
Author(s):

Joanna Crow

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044286.003.0003

This chapter shows that Mapuche political leaders and intellectuals were active participants in nationalist festivities, such as the centennial celebrations in 1910, and in debates about the fate of indigenous peoples in modern Chile. The main part of the chapter focuses on Manuel Manquilef and Manuel Aburto Panguilef, the two most prominent figures of the Mapuche political movement during the first decades of the twentieth century. This was a time of escalating working-class mobilization in response to worsening living and working conditions, otherwise known as the “social question,” which elites either ignored or made tentative and unsuccessful efforts to resolve. Against this backdrop, the chapter examines the pronouncements of Manquilef and Aburto on education and indigenous land rights, and their articulations of Mapuche cultural identity. It argues that they both sought to reassert the place of the Indian in the nation-state and thereby challenge official definitions of citizenship, but that they did so in very different ways.

Keywords:   centennial celebrations, the “social question”, Manuel Manquilef, Manuel Aburto Panguilef, education, land rights, citizenship

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