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The Mapuche in Modern ChileA Cultural History$
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Joanna Crow

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044286

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044286.001.0001

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Caudillos, Poets, and Sopranos

Caudillos, Poets, and Sopranos

Articulating Mapuche Identities on the National and International Stage, 1938–1964

(p.83) 3 Caudillos, Poets, and Sopranos
The Mapuche in Modern Chile

Joanna Crow

University Press of Florida

Chapter 3 analyzes the writings of Chile’s two Nobel laureates, Pablo Neruda and Gabriela Mistral, the political machinations of Mapuche caudillo Venancio Coñuepán as he worked his way up through the corridors of power, and the rise and fall of Mapuche opera singer Rayén Quitral, in order to show how Chile contributed to and was impacted by developments in continental discourses of indigenismo and modernization. It suggests that all four figures managed to blur the boundaries between indigenista and indigenous, as they campaigned to try to make Chilean governments (of Radical Party leader Pedro Aguirre Cerda through to the populist presidency of former army general Carlos Ibáñez) and national society listen to the demands and problems of the Mapuche.

Keywords:   Pedro Aguirre Cerda, Carlos Ibáñez, Venancio Coñuepán, Pablo Neruda, Gabriela Mistral, Rayén Quitral, indigenismo, modernization

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