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CuscoUrbanism and Archaeology in the Inka World$
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Ian Farrington

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044330

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044330.001.0001

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Suburbs and the Inner Heartland

Suburbs and the Inner Heartland

(p.252) 10 Suburbs and the Inner Heartland

Ian Farrington

University Press of Florida

The hinterland of Cusco was also subject to planning under Pachakuti Inka Yupanki, particularly agricultural developments such as terracing, channelization, and the construction of qolqa. This chapter analyzes its settlement patterns. Between 400m and 1.5km from the city center, eight suburban villages have been identified in which archaeology has located one palace, shrines, burials, and general constructional debris. These villages are mainly located on the royal roads into the city and housed the elite, yanakuna, and craftsmen. Further out, there are distinctive settlements associated with inka agricultural schemes and land reclamation. There are fourteen inka workers’ villages (llaqta), which are well planned with rows of houses. They range in size and are thought to have housed mitayoq laborers, tribute workers from the near and distant provinces. There are also five isolated inka kancha that are distinctive in plan and archaeology and were inhabited by the elite, who oversaw agricultural production and storage. Integral to this network were specific groups of state storerooms, or qolqa.

Keywords:   Suburban villages, Workers’ villages, Isolated kancha, Qolqa, Agricultural landscape

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