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CuscoUrbanism and Archaeology in the Inka World$
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Ian Farrington

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044330

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044330.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

The Navel of the World

The Navel of the World

(p.325) 12 The Navel of the World

Ian Farrington

University Press of Florida

Studies of ancient urban symbolism provide a framework for this chapter. Geomantic myths relate the inka ancestors to the Creator god, Wiraqocha, and to distant places in Titiqaqa, the Tambo Toqo origin cave and the sacred mountain of Wanakawri from which Cusco was founded. The Chanka war inscribes other ancestral places in the landscape. Cusco is defined as the person or place at the centre (of the world), and other important toponyms commemorate ancestral history. The idea of Cusco as a puma cosmogram is rejected, while a celestial archetype is proposed that can be observed to be associated with significant events in the pre-dawn sky of the winter solstice. Qorikancha, the Sun temple clad in gold panels, symbolises the centre of the world. Cusco is the “ideal city” and its core architectural features are repeated in other cities of new cusco throughout Tawantinsuyu. El Shincal in northwest Argentina is analyzed as a new cusco.

Keywords:   Geomantic myths, Toponyms, City as cosmogram, Urban symbolism, New cusco

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