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CuscoUrbanism and Archaeology in the Inka World$
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Ian Farrington

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044330

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044330.001.0001

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Canons of Inka Settlement Planning

Canons of Inka Settlement Planning

Chapter:
(p.56) 3 Canons of Inka Settlement Planning
Source:
Cusco
Author(s):

Ian Farrington

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044330.003.0003

The chronicles relate that six Sapa Inka engaged in both urban and rural planning. Pachakuti Inka Yupanki devised a four-phase plan to rebuild the Sun temple, redevelop the agricultural hinterland, channelize the rivers to prevent flooding, and re-plan and build the city of Cusco. This was successfully achieved by using clay models and a measuring rope and by using the tribute system to raise and utilize a large labor force and to assemble the materials and other resources needed to sustain such projects. Ancient planning is defined and examples are discussed. An inka linear mensuration system is tested using the plans of two small towns, Calca and Ollantaytambo. The results demonstrate inka planning canons, which use an orthogonal grid of streets and rectangular kancha and plazas, as well as processes by which this was achieved.

Keywords:   Pachakuti Inka Yupanki, Re-planning of Cusco, Ancient planning, Mensuration, Case studies

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