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CuscoUrbanism and Archaeology in the Inka World$
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Ian Farrington

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044330

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044330.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Archaeology and the Town

Archaeology and the Town

(p.77) 4 Archaeology and the Town

Ian Farrington

University Press of Florida

This chapter discusses two approaches that have been successful in studying the mediaeval European townscape, town plan analysis and urban archaeology. These are appropriate for this study because Cusco has been occupied continually since its foundation and has been considerably altered as a result. Town plan analysis requires a sequence of urban plans and historical records over time to outline the changes to streets and plazas through encroachment and to street-blocks through property subdivision. Urban archaeology uses these results and specific methods to deal with the complex, highly disturbed stratigraphy so as to establish the occupational sequence for small areas of the town matrix. The ability to deal with assemblages of mixed deposits, as opposed to undisturbed layers in situ, is critical to resolving the nature of urban occupation, both on a small scale and across the city.

Keywords:   Townscape, Town plan analysis, Urban archaeology

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