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The American South and the Atlantic World$
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Brian Ward, Martyn Bone, and William A. Link

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044378

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044378.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 27 May 2022

Early Southern Religions in a Global Age

Early Southern Religions in a Global Age

(p.45) 2 Early Southern Religions in a Global Age
The American South and the Atlantic World

Jon Sensbach

University Press of Florida

This chapter focuses on the diverse, globalized religious life of the American South in the colonial and the early Republic periods. It stresses that transatlantic influences, including African traditions and Anglo-Protestant evangelicalism, were important features of the southern religious landscape but explains how they initially mixed with many other Native and non-Atlantic World influences. The chapter contends that the end of the transatlantic slave trade and the growing defensiveness and cultural isolation of the South in the antebellum period reduced the dynamic religious cosmopolitanism of the colonial South until, by the early-to-mid-nineteenth century, European-derived evangelical Christianity increasingly dominated the region. The chapter concludes by noting that the belated triumph of a relatively narrowly Atlantic, and then of a still more narrowly construed “southern” style of evangelical Christianity, has generated a literature that largely ignores more than two centuries of southern religious eclecticism.

Keywords:   American/US South, Atlantic World, religion, Christianity, Islam, Global South

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