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Early and Middle Woodland Landscapes of the Southeast$
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Alice P. Wright and Edward R. Henry

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044606

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044606.001.0001

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Swift Creek and Weeden Island Mortuary Landscapes of Interaction

Swift Creek and Weeden Island Mortuary Landscapes of Interaction

Chapter:
(p.204) 14 Swift Creek and Weeden Island Mortuary Landscapes of Interaction
Source:
Early and Middle Woodland Landscapes of the Southeast
Author(s):

Neill J. Wallis

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044606.003.0014

This chapter examines the histories or social relationships indicated at Middle Woodland Swift Creek and Weeden Island burial mounds. Variation in artifact distribution in burial mounds of the Gulf and Atlantic coastal plains are compared and indicate that practices at burial mounds were likely tied to definitions of lineage and kinship. Objects that were deposited at mounds were probably not simply icons that were co-opted by resident kin groups but rather gifts in the sense that they came with obligations and indelible qualities of association; their burial in mounds was the end result of ongoing relationships between lineages or other social groupings. While Swift Creek Complicated Stamped vessels seem likely to have been used to sediment histories of alliance among lineages, east-side caches of vessels in general, and Weeden Island effigy vessels in particular, may require other explanations. Considering mounds as points of social reference, I outline some of the important differences that are apparent among Swift Creek and Weeden Island burial mounds and the types of social interaction that may be indicated with future materials analysis.

Keywords:   ceramics, burial mounds, kinship, interaction, gift, history, Gulf Coast, Atlantic Coast

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