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Fertile BondsBedouin Class, Kinship, and Gender in the Bekaa Valley$
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Suzanne E. Joseph

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044613

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044613.001.0001

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Class Differentiation of Demographic Regimes

Class Differentiation of Demographic Regimes

(p.133) 7 Class Differentiation of Demographic Regimes
Fertile Bonds

Suzanne E. Joseph

University Press of Florida

A comprehensive review of microdemographic studies from Europe and Asia is undertaken with the aim of understanding the role of class/caste and occupation in shaping fertility and mortality within local communities at different stages of demographic transitions. The chapter establishes the centrality of class in explaining the onset and pace of fertility transition, but uncovers a more complex relationship between class and demographic events prior to transition. The historical demographic studies examined here illustrate the importance of communal, cross-cutting cultural practices in leveling out class differences prior to demographic transition. The broader implication to be drawn from these studies is that shifting temporal-spatial scales may require a shift in theoretical frameworks, which, in turn, implies recognition of multiple levels of causality in the explanation of demographic phenomena.

Keywords:   Demographic transition, pretransition, fertility decline, class, occupation, temporal-spatial scale, European demographic transition, cultural vs. economic factors in fertility decline

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