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Mission Cemeteries, Mission PeoplesHistorical and Evolutionary Dimensions of Intracemetery Bioarchaeology in Spanish Florida$
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Christopher M. Stojanowski

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044637

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044637.001.0001

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Cemetery Structure after Collapse

Cemetery Structure after Collapse

Mission Santa Catalina de Guale de Santa María

(p.127) 4 Cemetery Structure after Collapse
Mission Cemeteries, Mission Peoples

Christopher M. Stojanowski

University Press of Florida

This chapter considers the rules of cemetery organization implemented by a population that has already experienced significant population size reduction and aggregation. Although broadly similar to other cemeteries found throughout Spanish Florida in layout, the Guale cemetery on Amelia Island, Florida differs in one major aspect-subadults were afforded high status burial in the very front of the church. Through spatial and biostatistical analyses, this chapter infers the multi-layered aspects of individual and group identity that may have been used to determine grave placement: community identity, family identity, sex, and age. The primary conclusion is that populations living at the end of the mission period, after significant demographic collapse had occurred, placed greater emphasis on their future survival, manifest in reverence for the youngest members of the community.

Keywords:   bioarchaeology, Spanish Colonial Archaeology, Native Americans, biostatistics, Southeastern US Archaeology, Cemetery Studies

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