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Territorial Rule in Colombia and the Transformation of the Llanos Orientales$
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Jane M. Rausch

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044668

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044668.001.0001

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The Contemporary Era, 1978–2010

The Contemporary Era, 1978–2010

(p.108) 5 The Contemporary Era, 1978–2010
Territorial Rule in Colombia and the Transformation of the Llanos Orientales

Jane M. Rausch

University Press of Florida

The demise of the National Front brought a renewal of competitive politics at the national level. Between 1978 and 2010, seven presidents were elected, each of whom had to deal with a massive upsurge in violence in the Llanos resulting from the illegal drug trade and the rapid development of petroleum exploitation. The effect of these trends compelled Llanero campesinos to seek safety in towns while the oil boom intensified the migration of people from the highlands to the region in search of jobs and new opportunities. The adoption of a new Constitution in 1991 transformed the remaining Llanos territories into departments. This chapter provides a broad overview of these developments that transformed the Llanos from frontier to region by outlining administrative innovations, the impact of violence and drug trafficking, and economic and cultural changes caused by the long-awaited oil boom.

Keywords:   Constitution of 1991, Corpes Orinoquia, petroleum, violence, drug trafficking, guerrillas, paramilitaries, Amerindians

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