This chapter outlines the intersections of art, politics, and race in Brazil during the periods 1900–1950, 1950s–1984, and 1985–the present. The chapter traces the growth of both national and U.S.-based interest in black art in Brazil as well as the shift in discourse from black art to Afro-Brazilian art. Following a discussion of some of the implications surrounding race-related artistic labels, the chapter presents a case for the use of the term “black art” instead of “Afro-Brazilian art.” An explanation for the author’s approach is grounded in a summary of her academic training, methodology, and research undertaken in Brazil. The chapter identifies the specific ways in which the book expands upon the scholarship to-date and advances the current understanding of black art in Brazil. It concludes with an overview of the subsequent six chapters.
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