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After SlaveryRace, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South$
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Bruce E. Baker and Brian Kelly

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044774

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044774.001.0001

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“Erroneous and Incongruous Notions of Liberty”

“Erroneous and Incongruous Notions of Liberty”

Urban Unrest and the Origins of Radical Reconstruction in New Orleans, 1865–1868

(p.35) 2 “Erroneous and Incongruous Notions of Liberty”
After Slavery

James Illingworth

University Press of Florida

Popular mobilization in New Orleans, involving both black and white working people, contributed to the crisis of Presidential Reconstruction in the summer of 1866. In the year immediately following the end of the war, the radicalization of former slaves in and around New Orleans clashed with the reactionary expectations of many returning Confederates, resulting in social turmoil and an explosion of racial violence in 1866. In 1867 and 1868, black workers became a crucial factor in the formation of a new political bloc, connecting what began as an urban movement to the black plantation laborers of rural southern Louisiana. In these years, the interplay between federal state intervention and urban working people's activism became the determining factor in the progress of change at the local level.

Keywords:   New Orleans, Louisiana, longshoremen, labor, sugar plantations, Black Codes, Thomas J. Durant, Friends of Universal Suffrage, New Orleans Massacre

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