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The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts$
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Lawrence E. Babits and Stephanie Gandulla

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049069

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049069.001.0001

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War and the Colonial Frontier

War and the Colonial Frontier

Fort de Chartres in the Illinois Country

(p.229) 13 War and the Colonial Frontier
The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

David J. Keene

University Press of Florida

French Fort de Chartres is located well west of the other sites in Illinois. Initially, the Fort de Chartres project was begun to recover artifacts and expose construction elements of what was thought to be a French fur trade. The early excavations did not reveal an artifactual assemblage similar to those of other fur trading posts. The new archaeological data, in conjunction with a reassessment of the documents, demonstrates how historical archaeology can change the understanding of a region’s history. As an entrepot, Fort de Chartres provided a vital link between the Illinois Country and the larger French Empire. Its primary role was to organize economic activity in the colony and facilitate the movement of goods between the colony and France. It also played a colonial military role by providing protection from hostile natives as well as administering justice within the colony itself.

Keywords:   French and Indian War, Illinois, archaeology, artifacts, frontier fortifications, Fort de Chartres, fur trade colony

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