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The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts$
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Lawrence E. Babits and Stephanie Gandulla

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049069

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049069.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

Forts on the Frontier

Forts on the Frontier

Adapting European Military Engineering to North America

(p.17) 2 Forts on the Frontier
The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

James L. Hart

University Press of Florida

This chapter evaluates academic fortification concepts as applied in North America, using French fort St. Frederic as an example. Fort St. Frederick was located at the Lake Champlain choke point, a short distance north of Fort Ticonderoga. With construction based in part on Vauban-style fortification principles current in Europe, its adaptation to frontier conditions was nonetheless fairly rapid. Vauban’s defensive principles, explained in a number of the period’s treatises and manuals, served as the basis for formal training in the engineering corps of the major powers. In New France, military engineers constructed a chain of fortifications in the St. Lawrence and Richelieu valleys that were adapted to conditions very different from those in Europe. In particular, these fortifications were not designed to withstand artillery sieges conducted in the European manner. In 1752, French military engineer Louis Franquet inspected the fortifications of New France. His reports describe the ways in which the forts of New France were adapted to local conditions while concluding that war in Canada is not conducted “as it is done in Europe.”

Keywords:   French and Indian War, Lake Champlain, fortifications, frontier, Fort St. Frederic, Louis Franquet

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