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The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts$
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Lawrence E. Babits and Stephanie Gandulla

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049069

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049069.001.0001

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Fort Loudoun, Tennessee

Fort Loudoun, Tennessee

Defensive Features and Artifactual Remains

(p.69) 4 Fort Loudoun, Tennessee
The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Carl Kuttruff

University Press of Florida

Fort Loudoun is located west of the Appalachians in present-day east Tennessee. It was constructed to solidify Overhill Cherokee alliances and prevent French encroachment from Fort Toulouse in Alabama. The Fort Loudoun defenses, as planned, were perhaps the largest and most unique of the frontier forts of this period. The construction, as executed, is described and compared in this chapter with other French and Indian War frontier forts, especially Fort Prince George on the eastern side of the Appalachians. Artifacts recovered from hand excavations of approximately 90 percent of the fort interior and large portions of the surrounding ditch are summarized. Distributions of several artifact categories are presented to illustrate refuse disposal patterns within and outside the fort. The overall artifact assemblage is compared to Stanley South’s Carolina and Frontier Patterns, and suggestions are made for modifying the patterns and developing a separate Frontier Fort Pattern.

Keywords:   French and Indian War, Tennessee, archaeology, artifacts, frontier fortifications, Fort Loudoun, Overhill Cherokee

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