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The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts$
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Lawrence E. Babits and Stephanie Gandulla

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049069

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049069.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

Fort Loudoun, Virginia

Fort Loudoun, Virginia

A French and Indian War Period Fortification Constructed by George Washington

(p.102) 6 Fort Loudoun, Virginia
The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Robert L. Jolley

University Press of Florida

Fort Loudoun, Winchester, Virginia, is one of three French and Indian War period forts named after John Campbell, Lord Loudoun, commander of British troops in North America. The fort was designed and constructed by Colonel George Washington from 1756 to 1758 and served as a command center and supply depot for Virginia troops during the war. The fort is one of the few “frontier” forts associated with a town. Unlike civilian forts, this provincial post was constructed of earth filled cribs to create bastions connected by palisaded curtain walls. Even though it was a major depot, Fort Loudoun was still plagued with construction and supply issues typical of virtually all forts in this study. The fort was never attacked, but men who garrisoned the fort participated in General Forbes’ 1758 Fort Duquesne expedition and in an unsuccessful 1760 expedition to relieve the Cherokee siege of Fort Loudoun, Tennessee.

Keywords:   French and Indian War, Virginia, archaeology, frontier fortifications, Fort Loudoun, George Washington

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