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The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts$
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Lawrence E. Babits and Stephanie Gandulla

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049069

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049069.001.0001

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“To Preserve the Forts, and the Families Gathered into Them”

“To Preserve the Forts, and the Families Gathered into Them”

Archaeology of Edwards’s Fort, Capon Bridge, West Virginia

(p.139) 8 “To Preserve the Forts, and the Families Gathered into Them”
The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

W. Stephen McBride

University Press of Florida

Following Braddock’s defeat in July 1755, the Virginia Regiment under Colonel George Washington began erecting forts to defend settlers against anticipated French and Indian attacks along Virginia’s western frontier. In 1756, this defensive line was greatly expanded by the construction of new forts and by the incorporation of earlier private forts into a defensive “line of forts.” Among the new forts was the privately constructed Fort Edwards, located in present-day Hampshire County, West Virginia. This fort was archaeologically investigated in 2001 and 2004. Shovel probing, test unit excavation, and backhoe trenching successfully located five sections of the fort’s stockade trench including one bastion and one redan, numerous eighteenth-century features, and stratified eighteenth- to nineteenth-century midden deposits.

Keywords:   French and Indian War, Virginia, archaeology, frontier fortifications, Fort Edwards

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