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Cuba in a Global ContextInternational Relations, Internationalism, and Transnationalism$
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Catherine Krull

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049106

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049106.001.0001

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Cuba’s Revolutionary Agro-Ecological Movement

Cuba’s Revolutionary Agro-Ecological Movement

Learning from the Experience of Food Sovereignty

(p.192) 11 Cuba’s Revolutionary Agro-Ecological Movement
Cuba in a Global Context

Efe Can Gürcan

University Press of Florida

The 2005–2008 global food crisis is an instance of a more general phenomenon: the break-up of the neoliberal agri-food order. In Cuba, the food sovereignty movement led to the world’s “largest conversion from conventional agriculture to organic and semi-organic agriculture”—an example for the developing world of ecological alternatives that challenge the neoliberal agri-food order. Cuba shows that it is possible to “shift from a focus on global food to a focus on local food” and to “implement policies that are friendly to the needs of people, communities, and the environment.” Cuba’s experience has become a model for food sovereignty policies by newly emerging left-leaning governments and social movements in countries such as Venezuela. The implementation of this strategy depends on combining local, nationwide, and international efforts undertaken through decentralized decision-making processes, strong societal structures, and consensual policy networks in the countryside.

Keywords:   Cuba, Internationalism, Food Sovereignty Movement, Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of the Americas, Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América, ALBA, La Vía Campesina, National Association of Small Farmers, ANAP

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