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Indians and WannabesNative American Powwow Dancing in the Northeast and Beyond$
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Ann M. Axtmann

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049113

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049113.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 26 May 2022

A Polychronic Genealogy

A Polychronic Genealogy

(p.17) 2 A Polychronic Genealogy
Indians and Wannabes

Ann M. Axtmann

University Press of Florida

This chapter on powwow history introduces “polychronic genealogy”––a term that emerges from Native American concepts of space and time. Sundry performative actions and performance practices and the concept of the ongoing force of Iruska, “fire power,” and can be traced to colonial––and most likely pre-Columbian––dance societies. Utilizing archival and oral records to track the sources of powwow performance, Axtmann discusses the transcultural features apparent in powwow development among the Plains Indians as well as among eastern tribes. These shared features include the circular dance floor; the spectacle of entrance parades; dancers’ embodiment of animals, birds, and insects in gesture and regalia; and the recurrence of specific vignettes, such as the Eagle Dance Ceremony. Chapter 2 also juxtaposes the Omaha Hethushka–Grass Dance society of centuries ago with today’s grass dance style.

Keywords:   dance societies, Eagle Dance Ceremony, grass dance style, Iruska, Omaha Hethushka/Grass Dance society, performance practices, performative actions, polychronic genealogy, powwow history, vignettes

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