This chapter analyzes Native American notions of space and time and the critical importance of the sacred hoop as it is embodied in the circular arena of the powwow. “Traveling circles” express “imagined communities” that challenge the status quo of the nation-state. The reader is introduced in this chapter to the often arduous journeys along powwow circuits as well as to powwow entrance ways and performance areas. Axtmann explains how bodies in motion function as primary sites of powwow activity, activity manifest in terms of spatial relations; in expressions of Indian and non-Indian temporality; and in interrelationships--intertribal, interracial, and transcultural--among participants. Pre-performance waiting, powwow entertainment, and the drum roll call are also discussed as preludes to the beginning of the powwow: the Grand Entry.
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