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Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold - Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina | Florida Scholarship Online
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Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold: Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina

Shepherd W. McKinley

Abstract

Centered near Charleston and Beaufort, the river and land mining industries dominated world production during the 1870s and 1880s. Phosphate mining fueled the rapid growth of local fertilizer companies, eventually causing the fertilizer industry to shift from the Northeast to an industrializing Charleston. The lowcountry aristocracy (planters, cotton factors, shipping merchants, gentlemen-scientists, and lawyers) created the new phosphate and fertilizer industries to reverse their losses from emancipation. Mining for their former masters, freedpeople extracted housing and labor concessions whi ... More

Keywords: Charleston, South Carolina, phosphate mining, fertilizer manufacturing, industrialization, emancipation, postbellum

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780813049243
Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014 DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813049243.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Shepherd W. McKinley, author