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Mr. Flagler's St. Augustine$
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Thomas Graham

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049373

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049373.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Upstairs and Downstairs, 1888–1890

Upstairs and Downstairs, 1888–1890

(p.185) 12 Upstairs and Downstairs, 1888–1890
Mr. Flagler's St. Augustine

Thomas Graham

University Press of Florida

Flagler's enterprises transformed St. Augustine. During the summer of 1888, Florida experienced an epidemic of yellow fever that St. Augustine escaped only by imposing a strict quarantine on the outside world. Flagler began modernizing St. Augustine by asphalt paving the streets around his hotel and railroad station. Flagler's street improvements led to disputes with the city government because Flagler wished to control the streets he opened. Bicycling changed the mode of transportation in town. The Alcazar and its Casino opened formally in the fall of 1888. The Ponce de Leon's head waiter Frank P. Thompson supervised the black staff of the hotel and also served as a civil rights leader for the black community. Flagler extended his railroad by purchasing the lines to Palatka and Daytona. Flagler donated Alicia Hospital, its first modern hospital, to the city. Flagler's daughter Jennie Louise died that winter, and, in her honor, he erected Memorial Presbyterian Church. To serve the town's citizens, Flagler built a new city hall. He established unbroken rail transport to the North by building a bridge over the St. Johns River at Jacksonville.

Keywords:   Alicia Hospital, Alcazar, bicycling, quarantine, Jennie Louise Flagler, Memorial Presbyterian Church, railroad, Frank P. Thompson, yellow fever, St. Johns River

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