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From These Honored DeadHistorical Archaeology of the American Civil War$
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Clarence R. Geier, Douglas D. Scott, and Lawrence E. Babits

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049441

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049441.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

Civil War Archaeology in the Trans-Mississippi West

Civil War Archaeology in the Trans-Mississippi West

(p.7) 1 Civil War Archaeology in the Trans-Mississippi West
From These Honored Dead

Douglas D. Scott

University Press of Florida

The Civil War formally opened with the firing on Fort Sumter, but fighting started many years earlier west of the Mississippi as political factions took up arms in order to settle the issue over slave and free states. Eastern Kansas was the scene of a series of armed clashes in the late 1850s that presaged the sectional violence of the American Civil War. Between 1861 and 1865, over two thousand battles and skirmishes were fought in the trans-Mississippi West, which saw many firsts: the first use of Native American units fighting on both sides, the first Native American authorized units fighting against one another, and the first combat actions by organized and state-authorized African-American troops. Much of what occurred was between Union soldiers sent west to act as security forces to protect overland trail traffic as well as mail and telegraph routes. A significant sample of each of these site types has been investigated archaeologically. This chapter places the Civil War in the west in historical context and reviews the role and value of the archaeological work there.

Keywords:   eastern Kansas, sectional violence, African-American troops, Native American units, trans-Mississippi Westmail routes, telegraph routes, historical archaeology

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