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José Martí, the United States, and Race$
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Anne Fountain

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049748

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049748.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

Cuba's Most Universal Man

Cuba's Most Universal Man

(p.1) 1 Cuba's Most Universal Man
José Martí, the United States, and Race

Anne Fountain

University Press of Florida

Chapter one is an introduction to Martí’s life that describes his childhood experiences with slavery in Cuba and how those experiences affected him. It also describes his early writing in relation to race: Abdala, a short dramatic poem, and El Diablo Cojuelo (the Lame Devil), a text in support of Cuban independence. This chapter shows the importance of Martí’s time in Mexico and Guatemala, especially in regard to Indian communities, and it takes him to New York, where he began his life in exile in the United States. Martí met death on the battlefield in Cuba in 1895 after planning a war of independence from Spain and a political future for Cuba in which Cubans of every color were to be partners.

Keywords:   Life in exile, José Martí, Cuban independence

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